When can the police use stop and search powers
The Police can stop and search you and your vehicle
IF: They have reasonable grounds to believe that you have stolen/prohibited articles (s.1 Police & Criminal Evidence Act 1984)
The Police can stop and search you for drugs
IF: They have reasonable grounds to suspect that you are in possession of drugs. (s.23 Misuse of Drugs Act 1971)
The Police can stop and search you
IF: There is specific authority by an Inspector for that time and place to search people for dangerous instruments and offensive weapons. (s.60 The Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994)
What the police must do before they search you?
Grounds – explain why they want to search you.
Object – explain what they are looking for.
Warrant card – this must be shown if the Police Officer is not in uniform.
Identification – the Police must give their name/warrant/identification number.
Station – give you the name of the Police station where they are based.
Entitlement – tell you that you are entitled to a copy of the stop and search record.
Lawful – the search has to be lawful
Year – tell you that you can get a copy of the search record for up to a year.